THE BIBLE - DOUAY-RHEIMS - BOOK 33
THE BIBLE - DOUAY-RHEIMS - BOOK 33
THE HOLY BIBLE
Translated from the Latin Vulgate
Diligently Compared with the Hebrew Greek
and Other Editions in Divers Languages
THE OLD TESTAMENT
First Published by the English College at Douay
A.D. 1609 & 1610
THE NEW TESTAMENT
First Published by the English College at Rheims
The Whole Revised and Diligently Compared with
the Latin Vulgate by Bishop Richard Challoner
THE PROPHECY OF OSEE
OSEE or Hosea whose name signifies A saviour was the first in the
order of time among those who are commonly called lesser prophets
because their prophecies are short. He prophesied in the kingdom of
Israel that is of the ten tribes about the same time that Isaias
prophesied in the kingdom of Juda.
Osee Chapter 1
By marrying a harlot and by the names of his children the prophet sets
forth the crimes of Israel and their punishment. He foretells their
redemption by Christ.
1:1. The word of the Lord that came to Osee the son of Beeri in the
days of Ozias Joathan Achaz and Ezechias kings of Juda and in the
days of Jeroboam the son of Joas king of Israel.
1:2. The beginning of the Lord's speaking by Osee: and the Lord said to
Osee: Go take thee a wife of fornications and have of her children of
fornications: for the land by fornication shall depart from the Lord.
A wife of fornications... That is a wife that has been given to
fornication. This was to represent the Lord's proceedings with his
people Israel who by spiritual fornication were continually offending
him.-Ibid. Children of fornications... So called from the character of
their mother if not also from their own wicked dispositions.
1:3. So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Debelaim: and she
conceived and bore him a son.
1:4. And the Lord said to him: Call his name Jezrahel: for yet a little
while and I will visit the blood of Jezrahel upon the house of Jehu
and I will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.
1:5. And in that day I will break in pieces the bow of Israel in the
valley of Jezrahel.
1:6. And she conceived again and bore a daughter and he said to him:
Call her name Without mercy: for I will not add any more to have mercy
on the house of Israel but I will utterly forget them.
Without mercy... Lo-Ruhamah.
1:7. And I will have mercy on the house of Juda and I will save them by
the Lord their God: and I will not save them by bow nor by sword nor
by battle nor by horses nor by horsemen.
1:8. And she weaned her that was called Without mercy. And she
conceived and bore a son.
1:9. And he said: Call his name Not my people: for you are not my
people and I will not be yours.
Not my people... Lo-ammi.
1:10. And the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of
the sea that is without measure and shall not be numbered. And it
shall be in the place where it shall be said to them: You are not my
people: it shall be said to them: Ye are the sons of the living God.
The number etc... Viz. of the true Israelites the children of the
church of Christ.
1:11. And the children of Juda and the children of Israel shall be
gathered together: and they shall appoint themselves one head and shall
come up out of the land: for great is the day of Jezrahel.
One head... viz. Christ.-Ibid. Great is the day of Jezrahel... That is
of the seed of God; for Jezrahel signifies the seed of God.
Osee Chapter 2
Israel is justly punished for leaving God. The abundance of grace in the
church of Christ.
2:1. Say ye to your brethren: You are my people: and to your sister:
Thou hast obtained mercy.
Say to your brethren etc... or Call your brethren My people: and your
sister Her that hath obtained mercy. This is connected with the latter
end of the foregoing chapter and relates to the converts of Israel.
2:2. Judge your mother judge her: because she is not my wife and I am
not her husband. Let her put away her fornications from her face and
her adulteries from between her breasts.
Your mother... The synagogue.
2:3. Lest I strip her naked and set her as in the day that she was
born: and I will make her as a wilderness and will set her as a land
that none can pass through and will kill her with drought.
2:4. And I will not have mercy on her children for they are the
children of fornications.
2:5. For their mother hath committed fornication she that conceived
them is covered with shame: for she said: I will go after my lovers
that give me my bread and my water my wool and my flax my oil and
2:6. Wherefore behold I will hedge up thy way with thorns and I will
stop it up with a wall and she shall not find her paths.
2:7. And she shall follow after her lovers and shall not overtake them:
and she shall seek them and shall not find and she shall say: I will
go and return to my first husband: because it was better with me then
2:8. And she did not know that I gave her corn and wine and oil and
multiplied her silver and gold which they have used in the service of
2:9. Therefore will I return and take away my corn in its season and
my wine in its season and I will set at liberty my wool and my flax
which covered her disgrace.
2:10. And now I will lay open her folly in the eyes of her lovers: and
no man shall deliver her out of my hand:
2:11. And I will cause all her mirth to cease her solemnities her new
moons her sabbaths and all her festival times. 2:12. And I will
destroy her vines and her fig trees of which she said: These are my
rewards which my lovers have given me: and I will make her as a forest
and the beasts of the field shall devour her.
2:13. And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim to whom she burnt
incense and decked herself out with her earrings and with her jewels
and went after her lovers and forgot me saith the Lord.
2:14. Therefore behold I will allure her and will lead her into the
wilderness: and I will speak to her heart.
I will allure her etc... After all her disloyalties I will still
allure her by my grace etc. and send her vinedressers viz. the
apostles: originally her own children who shall open to her the gates
of hope; as heretofore at her coming into the land of promise she had
all good success after she had satisfied the divine justice by the
execution of Achan in the valley of Achor. Jos. 7.
2:15. And I will give her vinedressers out of the same place and the
valley of Achor for an opening of hope: and she shall sing there
according to the days of her youth and according to the days of her
coming up out of the land of Egypt.
2:16. And it shall be in that day saith the Lord: That she shall call
me: My husband and she shall call me no more Banli.
My husband... In Hebrew Ishi. Baali my lord. The meaning of this verse
is: that whereas Ishi and Baali were used indifferently in those days by
wives speaking to their husbands; the synagogue whom God was pleased to
consider as his spouse should call him only Ishi and abstain from the
name of Baali because of its affinity with the idol Baal.
2:17. And I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth and she
shall no more remember their name.
Baalim... It is the plural number of Baal: for there were divers idols
2:18. And in that day I will make a covenant with them with the beasts
of the field and with the fowls of the air and with the creeping
things of the earth: and I will destroy the bow and the sword and war
out of the land: and I will make them sleep secure.
2:19. And I will espouse thee to me for ever: and I will espouse thee to
me in justice and judgment and in mercy and in commiserations.
I will espouse thee etc... This relates to the happy espousals of
Christ with his church: which shall never be dissolved.
2:20. And I will espouse thee to me in faith: and thou shalt know that I
am the Lord.
2:21. And it shall come to pass in that day: I will hear saith the
Lord I will hear the heavens and they shall hear the earth.
Hear the heavens etc... All shall conspire in favour of the church
which in the following verse is called Jezrahel that is the seed of
2:22. And the earth shall hear the corn and the wine and the oil and
these shall hear Jezrahel.
2:23. And I will sow her unto me in the earth and I will have mercy on
her that was without mercy.
2:24. And I will say to that which is not my people: Thou art my people:
and they shall say: Thou art my God.
That which was not my people etc... This relates to the conversion of
Osee Chapter 3
The prophet is commanded again to love an adulteress; to signify God's
love to the synagogue. The wretched state of the Jews for a long time
till at last they shall be converted.
3:1. And the Lord said to me: Go yet again and love a woman beloved of
her friend and an adulteress: as the Lord loveth the children of
Israel and they look to strange gods and love the husks of the grapes.
3:2. And I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver and for a core
of barley and for half a core of barley.
3:3. And I said to her: Thou shalt wait for me many days: thou shalt not
play the harlot and thou shalt be no man's and I also will wait for
3:4. For the children of Israel shall sit many days without king and
without prince and without sacrifice and without altar and without
ephod and without theraphim.
Theraphim... Images or representations.
3:5. And after this the children of Israel shall return and shall seek
the Lord their God and David their king: and they shall fear the
Lord and his goodness in the last days.
David their king... That is Christ who is of the house of David.
Osee Chapter 4
God's judgment against the sins of Israel: Juda is warned not to follow
4:1. Hear the word of the Lord ye children of Israel for the Lord
shall enter into judgment with the inhabitants of the land: for there is
no truth and there is no mercy and there is no knowledge of God in the
4:2. Cursing and lying and killing and theft and adultery have
overflowed and blood hath touched blood.
4:3. Therefore shall the land mourn and every one that dwelleth in it
shall languish with the heat of the field and with the fowls of the
air: yea the fishes of the sea also shall be gathered together.
4:4. But yet let not any man judge: and let not a man be rebuked: for
thy people are as they that contradict the priest.
Let not any man judge etc... As if he would say: It is in vain to
strive with them or reprove them they are so obstinate in evil.
4:5. And thou shalt fall today and the prophet also shall fall with
thee: in the night I have made thy mother to be silent.
4:6. My people have been silent because they had no knowledge: because
thou hast rejected knowledge I will reject thee that thou shalt not do
the office of priesthood to me: and thou hast forgotten the law of thy
God I also will forget thy children.
4:7. According to the multitude of them so have they sinned against me:
I will change their glory into shame.
4:8. They shall eat the sins of my people and shall lift up their souls
to their iniquity.
4:9. And there shall be like people like priest: and I will visit their
ways upon them and I will repay them their devices.
4:10. And they shall eat and shall not be filled: they have committed
fornication and have not ceased: because they have forsaken the Lord in
not observing the law.
4:11. Fornication and wine and drunkenness take away the
4:12. My people have consulted their stocks and their staff hath
declared unto them: for the spirit of fornication hath deceived them
and they have committed fornication against their God.
4:13. They offered sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains and burnt
incense upon the hills: under the oak and the poplar and the
turpentine tree because the shadow thereof was good: therefore shall
your daughters commit fornication and your spouses shall be
4:14. I will not visit upon your daughters when they shall commit
fornication and upon your spouses when they shall commit adultery:
because themselves conversed with harlots and offered sacrifice with
the effeminate and the people that doth not understand shall be beaten.
4:15. If thou play the harlot O Israel at least let not Juda offend:
and go ye not into Galgal and come not up into Bethaven and do not
swear: The Lord liveth.
Galgal and Bethaven... Places where idols were worshipped. Bethel which
signifies the house of God is called by the prophet Bethaven that is
the house of vanity from Jeroboam's golden calf that was worshipped
4:16. For Israel hath gone astray like a wanton heifer now will the Lord
feed them as a lamb in a spacious place.
4:17. Ephraim is a partaker with idols let him alone.
4:18. Their banquet is separated they have gone astray by fornication:
they that should have protected them have loved to bring shame upon
4:19. The wind hath bound them up in its wings and they shall be
confounded because of their sacrifices.
Osee Chapter 5
God's threats against the priests the people and princes of Israel
for their idolatry.
5:1. Hear ye this O priests and hearken O ye house of Israel and
give ear O house of the king: for there is a judgment against you
because you have been a snare to them whom you should have watched over
and a net spread upon Thabor.
O priests... What is said of priests in this prophecy is chiefly
understood of the priests of the kingdom of Israel; who were not true
priests of the race of Aaron; but served the calves at Bethel and Dan.
5:2. And you have turned aside victims into the depth and I am the
teacher of them all.
5:3. I know Ephraim and Israel is not hid from me for now Ephraim hath
committed fornication Israel is defiled.
5:4. They will not set their thoughts to return to their God: for the
spirit of fornication is in the midst of them and they have not known
5:5. And the pride of Israel shall answer in his face: and Israel and
Ephraim shall fall in their iniquity Juda also shall fall with them.
5:6. With their flocks and with their herds they shall go to seek the
Lord and shall not find him: he is withdrawn from them.
5:7. They have transgressed against the Lord: for they have begotten
children that are strangers: now shall a month devour them with their
Children that are strangers... That is aliens from God: and therefore
they are threatened with speedy destruction.
5:8. Blow ye the cornet in Gabaa the trumpet in Rama: howl ye in
Bethaven behind thy back O Benjamin.
5:9. Ephraim shall be in desolation in the day of rebuke: among the
tribes of Israel I have shewn that which shall surely be.
5:10. The princes of Juda are become as they that take up the bound: I
will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
As they that take up the bound... That is they that remove the
boundary encroaching on the property of their neighbors: figuratively:
going beyond the boundary of the laws of God.
5:11. Ephraim is under oppression and broken in judgment: because he
began to go after filthiness.
5:12. And I will be like a moth to Ephraim: and like rottenness to the
house of Juda.
5:13. And Ephraim saw his sickness and Juda his band: and Ephraim went
to the Assyrian and sent to the avenging king: and he shall not be able
to heal you neither shall he be able to take off the band from you.
5:14. For I will be like a lioness to Ephraim and like a lion's whelp
to the house of Juda: I I will catch and go: I will take away and
there is none that can rescue.
5:15. I will go and return to my place: until you are consumed and seek
Osee Chapter 6
Affliction shall be a means to bring many to Christ a complaint of the
untowardness of the Jews. God loves mercy more than sacrifice.
6:1. In their affliction they will rise early to me: Come and let us
return to the Lord.
6:2. For he hath taken us and he will heal us: he will strike and he
will cure us.
6:3. He will revive us after two days: on the third day he will raise us
up and we shall live in his sight. We shall know and we shall follow
on that we may know the Lord. His going forth is prepared as the
morning light and he will come to us as the early and the latter rain
to the earth.
6:4. What shall I do to thee O Ephraim? what shall I do to thee O
Juda? your mercy is as a morning cloud and as the dew that goeth away
in the morning.
6:5. For this reason have I hewed them by the prophets I have slain
them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments shall go forth as the
6:6. For I desired mercy and not sacrifice: and the knowledge of God
more than holocausts.
6:7. But they like Adam have transgressed the covenant there have
they dealt treacherously against me.
6:8. Galaad is a city of workers of idols supplanted with blood.
Supplanted with blood... that is undermined and brought to ruin for
shedding of blood: and as it is signified in the following verse for
conspiring with the priests (of Bethel) like robbers to murder in the
way such as passed out of Sichem to go towards the temple of Jerusalem.